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Use of Artificial Intelligence in Peer Review

The AATS Journals are published by Elsevier and follow Elsevier’s policies for the use of generative artificial intelligence (AI) in the peer review process. Elsevier’s full Reviewer Policy is available here. Please see “The use of generative AI and AI-assisted technologies in the journal peer review process.”

The AATS Journals prohibit reviewers from using generative AI and AI-assisted technologies to evaluate manuscripts.

When a researcher is invited to review another researcher’s paper, the manuscript must be treated as a confidential document. Reviewers should not upload a submitted manuscript or any part of it into a generative AI tool as this may violate the authors’ confidentiality and proprietary rights and, where the paper contains personally identifiable information, may breach data privacy rights.

This confidentiality requirement extends to the peer review report, as it may contain confidential information about the manuscript and/or the authors. For this reason, reviewers should not upload their peer review report into an AI tool, even if it is just for the purpose of improving language and readability.

Peer review is at the heart of the scientific ecosystem and the AATS Journals abide by the highest standards of integrity in this process. Reviewing a scientific manuscript implies responsibilities that can only be attributed to humans. Generative AI or AI-assisted technologies should not be used by reviewers to assist in the scientific review of a paper, as the critical thinking and original assessment needed for peer review is outside of the scope of this technology and there is a risk that the technology will generate incorrect, incomplete, or biased conclusions about the manuscript. The reviewer is responsible and accountable for the content of the review report.